Did you know that the country of origin for your coffee beans will impact their flavor. Today we are going to take a look at 7 Different Types of Coffee Beans from Different Countries.
The world of coffee beans is vast, with a seemingly infinite number of varieties available. This article will explore the many different types of coffee beans from around the world, with a focus on their origins and flavor profiles.
Whether you prefer a mild Italian roast or a rich, dark French roast, there’s a bean out there for you. Before we start with country specific beans, a little background on the basic types of coffee beans is needed.
Table of Contents
Main 4 Types of Coffee Beans
For this article, we’ll start with the three most popular coffee bean types: Arabica, Robusta Liberica, and Excelsa. We’ll conclude with flavored beans and their associated flavors (known in the industry as “the other ingredients”).
Arabica: Cultivated in the Americas, Africa and Asia. Produces low acidity and medium to high body blends.
If you want a detailed look at types of coffee beans see our guide: Types of Coffee Beans and Characteristics of Each
Robusta: Cultivated in Africa or Asia. Stronger and denser than Arabica. Focused on body, although can also be used to make lower-quality blends.
Liberica: Cultivated in Southeast Asia. Focused on body and finishes light on the palate compared to other coffee types. A “woody” flavor and fruity aroma would be the best terms to describe Liberica beans.
Excelsa: Cultivated in Africa and Southeast Asia. Part of the Liberica family but has a distinct flavor. Excelsa features a tangy, fruitier flavor and is noted for showcasing attributes of both light and dark roast coffees
Flavoured Beans: Flavoured coffee beans are basically just the “other ingredients” that go into your cup of coffee, specifically the flavoring additives such as chocolate, vanilla and caramel (among others).
Single Origin Best Coffee Beans by Country
A cup of coffee is one of the world’s most popular beverages. Here are some of the best coffee beans from across the world, sorted by country.
Vietnam – Robusta
Copper Cow Coffee Vietnamese Pour Over Coffee
The only thing in Vietnam that was unaffected by the conflict is Vietnamese coffee, we can say with some certainty. The Robusta coffee bean, which has a strong flavor, is popular in Vietnam. In truth, Robusta has its origins in Vietnam. The country ranks highly among the world’s top exporters of coffee.
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Vietnamese Robusta is incredibly hardy thanks to the country’s humid climate and plentiful rains. The local coffee has a little sour and moderate aftertaste, which is a trademark trait. Coffee from Vietnam is one of the world’s largest exports. Espresso drinkers will appreciate the robust roast produced by local roasting establishments.
Peru – Robusta and Arabica
Tiny Footprint Coffee - Peru, Medium Roast, Carbon Negative, USDA Organic, Fair Trade
Let’s discuss about Peruvian coffee kinds that are among the best in the world. For Robusta and Arabica, this nation is one among the world’s leading exporters. Coffee that is grown on the slopes of mountains has a dark, rich color and a flavor that is tinged with spices. Grain may be grown for virtually the entire year due to favorable climate conditions.. Look for coffees that are made in the fall if your taste is more astringent. Varieties grown in the summer have a softer texture and milder flavor.
Indonesia – Robusta & Arabica
Cafés Granell Wild Kopi Luwak Coffee Whole Beans, 100grams (3.5oz)
A whopping 660,000,000 kilograms of coffee are produced annually in Indonesia, a country that is commonly mentioned in connection with unique coffee varieties. Despite its inferiority in terms of flavor and quality to that of Brazil and Colombia, Ethiopia is a major player in the world’s coffee trade.
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Coffee in this country comes in a wide variety of kinds. Indonesian beans are known for their delicious and slightly acidic flavor. In addition, this is where the most expensive form of Luwak coffee is grown. For a drink with a little acidity and a pleasant scent, Indonesian coffee is the best option. However, powerful and tart types are cultivated here, making them ideal for individuals looking for a morning pick-me-up.
Tanzania Coffee Beans
Java Planet, Organic Coffee Beans, Colombian Single Origin, Low Acid
This coffee has a berry aftertaste and milky overtones that may be tasted in the cup Southern cultivars offer a stronger flowery aroma and a tastier texture when used to make the beverage. In northern varieties, the predominate flavor is sour cinnamon. Consequently, coffee has a wine-like acidity and a richer hue.
Brazil – Arabica
Dark Roast Brazil Coffee, Low Acidity all Natural, NON-GMO Single Origin
As you may have heard, Brazil is one of the world’s leading coffee producers. In 2016, a total of 2,594,100 metric tons of coffee was harvested across Brazil. Many factors contribute to the deliciousness of the coffee cultivated in Brazil, including its broad production area and high quality. Because of its low acidity, Brazilian coffee is frequently flavoured.
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For me, the best Brazilian coffee beans are non-flavored, single origin to really take in the subtle flavor notes of the beans!
Colombia – Arabica
Peace Coffee Colombia Single Origin Coffee (ANEI Cooperative) Medium Roast
When it comes to the quality of its Arabica coffee beans, Colombia trails Brazil by by a hair in production (810,000,000 kg per year). Colombian coffees like Extra and Supremo are among the best in the world.
When someone mentions coffee, most people immediately think of Colombia. There are a plethora of grains indigenous to this land. Some have an aftertaste of subtle fruit, but the majority have a cocoa flavor. The standard for quality is a distinct sourness and a moderate, balanced flavor. Some grains, like sugarcane, caramel, and chocolate, have a distinct taste. Local roasters also use a proprietary step-by-step roasting process, which results in coffee beans with a deeper, more complex flavor.
Ethiopia – Arabica
Groundwork Organic Single Origin Ethiopia Medium Roast Coffee
Ethiopia’s coffee tradition stretches back to the 8th century AD. Even historical evidence points to Ethiopia as the birthplace of coffee. Dervishes allegedly kept an eye on goats eating coffee beans back in ancient times. They also boiled up juice from a fruit goats ate and consumed, which the dervishes drank as well. When it comes to coffee trees, Ethiopia boasts some of the best in the world, producing 384,000,000 kilograms of coffee per year.
I just started trying the Groundwork Organic beans earlier this year and found it to be a great introduction to a single origin Ethiopia cup of coffee.
India – Arabica & Robusta
GRAND CRU by Filicori Zecchini Medium Roast Robusta INDIA Single Origin
India is a major producer of both Arabica and Robusta coffee beans. Known for its smooth taste and high acidity, South American coffee beans are cultivated in the southern part of the country.
Indian tea is not the only product that the country produces. The United States does, however, produce a significant amount of coffee, which it sells abroad. Indian Arabica is the most common type of coffee available for purchase. Because it is mostly farmed in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, Robusta isn’t widely available outside of those nations. India’s coffee has a modest sweetness and a very mild acidity that distinguish it from other types of coffee. A chocolatey flavor can be found in several of the native bean cultivars as well.
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Uganda – Arabica & Robusta
Akshit Bushbucks 100% Ugandan Arabica Coffee Beans - Chocolate overtones
In terms of aroma and wine-like acidity, Ugandan coffee is similar to African coffee. However, it is not as well-known as coffee from Kenya or Ethiopia. The majority of the country’s coffee is exported, which is a key source of revenue. Bugishu is a popular variety of Ugandan coffee.
It’s also a major player in the coffee industry in Uganda. The local beans have a mild acidity and a milk chocolate flavor. Another characteristic of local coffee is its fruity scent and the lingering milky flavor. For children and others who don’t like too much astringency and intensity, this beverage is ideal.
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Coffee is one of our favorite beverages and in my opinion is a must-have on any breakfast table or desk. In fact, it’s one of the most popular drinks on Earth, with over half of the world’s population drinking it daily. Coffee has become a part of our everyday life—and that’s no surprise. But how much do you really know about this beverage? We hoped this guide to some country specific beans and flavor profiles help improve your coffee IQ and you try some of these great beans in your daily routine.
Let us know some of of your country specific coffee beans in the comments below.